Henry "Hank" Westbrook III, the Smith River entrepreneur whose ambitions turned a family ranch operation into several ventures in international timber operations, dairy, tourism, a fish hatchery, lily bulbs and real estate development, has died at age 83.
"Hank had an idea a minute. He had a business idea for everything," said Teal Westbrook, a granddaughter of the family patriarch.
Westbrook's ventures ideas, often taken on with his brother Robert "Chopper" Westbrook, would lead to timber offices across the region and even in Japan, the first and only privately run fish hatchery in California, one of the last milk delivery services in the state, and a 156-foot luxury yacht dragged up to U.S. Highway 101 to attract tourists to Ship Ashore Resort.
"He was always on the cutting edge; always investigating new ideas and new ways to do things," said John Fraser, who worked with Westbrook on several projects as a Del Norte County supervisor in the 1970s.
"Hank Westbrook was an idea man," said Ernie Perry, who reviewed several of Westbrook's ideas as Del Norte County planner for more than 30 years.
An entrepreneur to his dying day, Westbrook continued to feel most at home at his office in Brookings, which is where he was when his health began to fail. He was transported to Sutter Coast Hospital, where he died Oct. 10.
Raised a rancher
The Westbrooks were one of the first Euro-American families to settle in Del Norte County in the 1850s, and Hank Westbrook grew up on the family's 160-acre family dairy ranch in Smith River, milking cows, driving tractors, fixing irrigation pipes and mending fences.
In his free time, Westbrook would fish for the large salmon and steelhead known to spawn in the Smith River, introducing a pastime that he would continue to pursue until his death.
Since his father, Henry "Heine" Westbrook Jr.. represented Del Norte County on the board of the district that built the Golden Gate Bridge, Westbrook was among the group that walked across San Francisco's landmark for the very first time.
While attending boarding school at Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley, Westbrook bragged about the monster fish of his home stream and got the nickname "the Smith River Kid" in his senior yearbook.
The town of Smith River was in his blood, and when he went to Oregon State University and studied animal husbandry, graduating in 1952, he always intended to return and work on the family ranch.
At OSU, he met a Portland girl named Beverly Robbins, who would become his wife of 61 years.
"I had never heard of Smith River and when he tried to show it to me on a map and it wasn't there, he said, 'that's just a bad map,'" Beverly said.
Westbrook enrolled in ROTC during college and served in the U.S. Air Force. After his father died at age 51, Westbrook asked if he could be transferred closer to his mother and the ranch and found himself at the former Requa Air Force Station overlooking the mouth of the Klamath River.
After finishing active duty, Westbrook started working theranch with his brother Chopper, but he soon found out that they could produce more milk than they could sell to the local cooperative creamery, which was started by their father.
To solve this, in 1955 at age 25 he and Chopper started Country Maid Dairy - the last milk deliveryservice north of the Bay Area and the first of several business ventures the Westbrook brothers would tackle throughout their lives.
A 1955 headline in the Curry Coastal Pilot read: "The best milk news since the first cow landed on the coast."
Farmer to global capitalist
Just as the Westbrook brothers began to make Reservation Ranch and Country Maid Dairy profitable, the town of Smith River was hit with the Christmas Flood of 1964, covering their fields with several feet of water.
The Westbrooks fed the cowsby drift boat instead of tractor.All of the fences were wiped out, not to mention the majority of Country Maid's customers in Del Norte and Curry counties. When the water retreated, revealing fields covered in silt, Westbrook began to take notice of all of the timber that had washed onto his property and started salvage logging.
"That's how he jumped - more like cannonballed - into the timber industry," said Beverly.
"Before '64, he was a sleepy little farmer, but for some reason he decided to go global at that point," said his son, Henry "Hal" Westbrook IV. "At that point he wasn't satisfied with being a dairy farmer in Smith River."
Within 10 years, Westbrook's working circle expanded from Smith River to several mills, log yards and wood product facilities in Northern California and Southern Oregon; offices in Alaska and Japan; 80 logging trucks, more than 100 pieces of logging equipment, helicopters, dozers, more than a 1,000 employees - you name it. Westbrook had become a well-known timber baron, a force to be reckoned with.
Dan Brattain, who directed the Westbrooks' timber operations at one point, said that they were contributing 80 percent of the Port Orford cedar in the industry, exporting most of it as whole logs to Japan.
After the Oakland firestorm of 1991, government officials were keen to remove eucalyptus trees, which Brattain said fueled much of the fires, from other places in the Bay Area, and the Westbrooks seized on the opportunity.
They started logging eucalyptus trees, including all those on Angel Island, and shipped the trees to Japan from the Port of Sacramento, Brattain said.
"Here's a guy in Smith River that came up with this concept, made it work and came out with millions of dollars in business," Brattain said."He was a real visionary; always looking to expand and embrace new ideas and people with new ideas."
'Guts of Hank Westbrook'
Westbrook epitomized the do-it-yourself mentality that flourishes in rural regions such as Smith River. With a lifelong passion for fishing, the Westbrook brothers were receptive when they were approached about building a fish hatchery on Rowdy Creek, a main tributary in the lower Smith River.
"It was a miracle that it ever got going," Fraser said. "Hatcheries were never put together by local people or organizations - the state always did that."
When Hank Westbrook disagreed with something, such as a levy on the Smith River built by the Army Corps of Engineers, he often took matters into his own hands.
"Don Clausen (former Del Norte congressman) called me one morning and said, 'Jesus Christ, John. That goddamn Hank went out and changed the whole direction of the levy,'" former Supervisor Fraser recalled. "He didn't give a damn about the details or the possibilities. He was just a guy that went to do what he thought was normal and proper.
"The guy from the Corps said, 'Well, Mr. Westbrook, we'll get back to you,' but they never did because they realized he had fixed it," Fraser said. "That gives you an idea of the guts of Hank Westbrook."
Living on the Smith River, Westbrook's children were often treated with a short fishing trip in the morning, going out to catch a salmon before heading to school, Beverly said.
After joining a friend for a salmon fishing trip on the Kenai River in Alaska, Westbrook was hooked on the large Chinook salmon that filled the mountainous stream and soon bought a house on the Kenai that he would use to entertain friends, family, and business associates during the summer.
"He had a piece of paper in his pocket all year long for who was coming to Alaska," said Teal. "It gave him more pleasure to see someone else catch a fish then catch one himself."
Westbrook spent four to six weeks on the Kenai every summer for 31 years, including just months ago.
Salmon fishing derbies on the Smith River that serve as fundraisers for Rowdy Creek Fish Hatchery are named after Hank and Chopper Westbrook. For years, the Hank "Raider" Derby attracted ex-Oakland Raider football stars.